Loyola graduate student workers in the College of Arts and Sciences protested in the Damen Student Center Thursday to call for union recognition and a contract with the university.
The graduate student teaching assistants voted to unionize two years ago but haven’t been recognized by Loyola. The National Labor Relations Board has recognized the union since its inception, but Loyola’s been firm in its position that graduate workers are students, not employees.
Graduate students disagree. Along with being students, graduate assistants teach classes, grade papers and hold office hours.
The protest was organized by several undergraduate students, many of whom are involved with leftist organizations on campus such as the International Socialist Organization (ISO) and Indivisible Loyola, both of which aren’t affiliated with the university. About 35 graduate and undergraduate students attended the event — holding signs and chanting slogans such as “We work, we teach, now practice what you preach.”
Claire Lockard, a 25-year-old third-year doctoral student in the philosophy department, said Loyola’s actions contradict its commitment to social justice.
“Loyola says they are a social justice-oriented school, that they care about their students, but they are refusing to meet us at the bargaining table,” Lockard said.
Benefits given to graduate students by Loyola can be taken away without warning because there isn’t a contract between them, the union has said.
Kasi Woods, a 20-year-old sophomore double majoring in English and sociology, was one of the undergraduate organizers of the protest.
“We really just wanted to organize this because we know that the graduate workers’ working conditions are our learning conditions,” Woods, the president of ISO, said.
The protest was scheduled for April 4, which marked one year since the non-tenure track (NTT) faculty union went on strike.
NTT professors are hired on a class-by-class basis and don’t receive the full benefits of tenured employees.
After almost two years of unresolved negotiations, the NTT union reached a contract with the university in April 2018.
Ella Wagner, a 28-year-old fourth-year doctoral student in the history department, talked about the lack of benefits graduate students struggle with on top of school and work.
“We are not paid over the summer, we don’t have vision benefits,” Wagner said. “There are very few child care benefits or anything like that … So those kinds of improvement means we would have the resources we need to do the work that we do on campus, as well as our own research and dissertation.”
But Tom Regan, who’s serving his second year as dean of Loyola’s graduate school, said Loyola does as much as possible to help graduate students.
Regan said he took the initiative to raise their stipends to $2,000 per month, plus an additional $500 at the end of the year. For a graduate student who works for nine months, that’s a total salary of $18,500. Other benefits include lifting the ban on holding an outside job, increasing travel money for conferences and adding dental care to healthcare packages.
“We have open communications,” Regan said. “My door is always open.”
Loyola’s spokesperson, Evangeline Politis, said the graduate workers don’t qualify as employees because “they are students in every sense of the word.” Loyola doesn’t hire students, Regan further explained.
“They don’t have any credentials when they start teaching,” Regan said. “They don’t have any relevant teaching experience at the college-level for the most part. And so, they would never be hired as a part-time worker, but we give them that experience and we mentor them. And that’s why they’re students and not employees.”
Students receive their stipends on the basis of a reward letter from the university, but they’re not employed, Regan said.
Students at the protest disagreed and said graduate assistants are workers and students, not one or the other.
“Yes, you are a student, but you can also have multiple identities as a Loyola student,” Woods said. “And I think it’s wrong that the university is not acknowledging that one of the major identities of the graduate students is as a worker.”
Yiran Zhang, a 24-year-old third-year graduate student in the philosophy department, talked about how this is a campus-wide issue.
“We teach a lot of these undergrads,” Zhang said. “So part of why we’re fighting to get a better contract is to ensure good working conditions for us so we can continue providing the kind of education we feel our students, the undergrads, deserve.”
Graduate and teaching assistants at University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) agreed to finalize the terms of a contract April 12 after a three-week strike and more than a year at the bargaining table, the Chicago Sun-Times reported. The agreement was reached after the university was forced to cancel hundreds of classes due to the strike, the Chicago Tribune reported.
Zhang said Loyola graduate workers are proud of their colleagues at UIC because they’re paving the way for graduate workers in the Chicago area. While strikes are impactful, Zhang said it’s “not the only way to get things done, to really make a statement.”
“I think we’re in pretty good shape with our graduate students,” Regan said in response to UIC’s contract. “We really can’t control what happens at other universities.”